Improve your writing with editing and proofreading

A research paper needs careful reading many a times, once it’s written by a research student. It reflects aims, ideas and procedures with which a research has been conducted. A quality write-up can make a dull topic very interesting for the reader basis the way it is written and presented. Similarly, a weak write-up on your research conducted can end you in a trouble and you may face rejection multiple times. Thesis writing is not same as normal text writing, it requires appropriate structuring, proper use of words, editing and proofreading prior to submission.

Your paper is the mirror of your capabilities in terms of research content written and presented. It reflects how much care you have taken while writing your research paper. A flawless research paper is what makes your academic result excellent and increase your chances of extreme achievement.

You yourself can conduct editing of the paper or can take help of institutions engaged in providing editing and proofreading services.

Editing and Proofreading
Editing is the first step once you have written your paper. Editing lets you to correct the overall structure of the paper, changes if required in content, writing style as per chosen subject or topic and university rules, paraphrasing, etc.

After spending a good amount of time in doing the research, a researcher needs to know the important aspects of editing his paper. Some of the key points related to editing are as follows :

Quality content – A researcher needs to re-read his research paper to ensure that the content presented in the paper is same as per his thoughts and is effective for readers to understand and get interested in the topic. Consistency in writing backed by adequate evidence is very important features of a good research content.

Formatting and Writing Style – A research paper should be written basis format and style as described their university. Unnecessary phrases, use of extra words, improper length of your sentences brings in lot of flaws in your writing. Inconsistency in your research paper can invite problems for you in front of your mentors or while submission of your thesis for publication.

Clear Writing – A clarity of thought presented in your research paper will lead to more readership of your paper and will be appreciated. Use simple words and do not overuse vocabulary while writing your paper.

The final step before submission of your research paper is Proofreading, which will fix your errors that might have been missed out while editing your paper. Every error – big or small is to be taken care of at this point and is the final move towards submission of error-free accurate research paper.

Cover Letter: Sell Your Manuscript to a High Factor Journal at First Attempt

Are you an author, looking for a journal publisher’s approval? Are you a research/PhD fellow and want to publish your research paper in some prominent journal? If the answer of the questions are in ‘yes’, then you must know how to sell the manuscript to the publisher and get it approved. You might have put your best ever efforts in accomplishing the writing of the manuscript. But, all your hard work may go in vein if you can’t reach to your targeted readers.

Everyone wants to publish his or her write –up in some prestigious and important journal, but sometimes authors fail to catch the eye of the journal publisher. The reason lies in the approach of how you present yourself to the publisher. When, you approach a journal publisher, you need to write a cover letter.

The cover letter is the first impression that the publisher will get about you and your work. But, it has been seen, majority people fail to write a proper and smart cover letter.

Cover letter is not a place to show your linguistic skill; rather you have to describe your knowledge, abilities and thought process here. There should be a personal touch in the tone of the write up. You should neither use too generic or too complex words; try to keep it simple, straight forward and crisp.

Apart from this, each and every journal publisher prefer the cover letter to be written in their specified format, you have to keep it in mind too. Following are some of the tips for writing a proper cover letter:

  • Include the name, contact details, qualification, designation and places of work of the author
  • Include your subscription number of that particular journal
  • Mention the title of the study and year of completion. Generally, some journals don’t publish an article if its more than 5 years old

Publishing a Research Article

For Research Scholars doing PhD, applying for further studies or job it is mandatory to publish their research papers in reputed journals.

Initial Step:

The first step for publishing a research paper is to figure out your area of interest and update yourself by reading papers and attending conferences, but be selective too, and don’t get deviated from you specified field.

Pin down:

Write down speculations, problems, possible solutions, random ideas, references to look up, notes on papers you’ve read & outlines of papers to write. Identify important open problems in your research field and what you have to do.

Soul of your work:

Significance: Why was this work done? Did you solve an important problem of current interest?

Originality/Novelty: Is your approach novel or is it tried-and-true? Did you need to develop new tools, either analytical or physical?

Correct: Is your solution scientifically sound?

Generally a paper has seven sections:-

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials & Method
  • Results
  • Discussion & Conclusion
  • Bibliography

One step at a time

-Instead of writing an entire paper at one stretch, focus on writing section by section. Remember, every task you complete gets you closer to finishing your paper. You can ask your peers or colleagues to review your paper for an initial proof reading and technical faults.

Read the reviews carefully

-Only a small proportion of articles are accepted the first time they are submitted, and usually they are only accepted subject to revision. In fact, anything aside from simply “reject,” is a positive review. Take all the criticism as a positive suggestion for something you could explain more clearly.

Don’t panic

Read the comments on your paper closely to decide whether the criticisms were valid and how you can address them, just rewrite that part of your paper more clearly so that the same misunderstanding won’t get repeated.

Rejected? Be Positive

If your paper is rejected, keep trying! Take the reviews to heart and try to rewrite the paper, addressing the reviewer’s comments.
Happy Publishing..!

5 Steps Toward Conducting Your Research Effectively

When you conduct any type of research, you can make it impressive by following a model of hourglass. Similar to an hourglass, your research information starts from being wide through going narrow to being wide again. Based on the same model, here are some steps that can be followed to make your research really effective.

Step 1: Start by defining your problem clearly and meaningfully with the help of relevant hypotheses. Go about searching for the right information to assess the scope of your study. If required, then you can also reevaluate your problem.

Step 2: When you finalize a problem for investigation, find out the right methods that can help you do this. You may go for an interview or apply a questionnaire on your subjects. Consider the context of your study and then finalize your methods.

Step 3: Make strategic plans on executing your process. If any changes are required in your strategies, then take them up now. Start taking down notes while also structuring them and tracking your sources.

Step 4: After you refine your tracked sources, link them up with your previous knowledge and information. If hypotheses need to be revised, then do it according to the project needs. This can benefit you in using your information more effectively.

Step 5: Keep your work original and handle citations in the required style. When you take up information from several sources, do not forget to credit them if you use that information in your project.

After you have conducted your research, document it with similar effectiveness. Presentation is an important aspect of research and your content should also match your hard work. Ensure to define your writing guidelines so you can work according to proper linguistic styles and formatting standards.

The Etymology of PhD and Its Essence

How many of you know what does PhD stand for? It is a word with a Latin origination “Philosophiae Doctor”. Some wonder why PhD in any stream is explained as Philosophy. The answer here is tricky and may not be known to many. The use of the word philosophy here is not connected to the branch of science but rather to the original Greek meaning which says “Love of Wisdom”. It is a degree that highlights that the scholar has contributed to existing knowledge with his hard work and wisdom.

The only way one can find out how to do a PhD is to do one!!

In light of the above statement and the etymology of PhD that has been explained, I wonder how relevant would all tips and advices be? But we still do not refrain from giving them. I suppose there isn’t any harm also, as long as we pick up ways to simplify a journey that otherwise would be herculean for many.

As much as we dream to celebrate the end of our PhD journey, I say the beginning needs to be celebrated as well. With plenty of novel experiences and opportunities coming way, it may be over whelming. A great percentage of people quit from their PhD half way because they cannot adapt to the requirements and challenges. Even if it isn’t rosy, I say do not quit. There are good reasons for not doing so.

The requirements and challenges of PhD are distinct for each country while keeping in mind the core essence of the degree. In countries like the US and Canada they call for a specific course work before starting pure research work. In the UK things are changing, there is focus on other activities such as contribution towards teaching and other activities. The conclusion or as we say the culmination of a PhD requires to submit the original contribution to research in the form of a thesis. It has to be of standard to be reviewed published in journals of repute. To maintain the worthiness of the degree it does not end here, in the end the candidate is expected to defend work in front of a panel of experts which is called as VIVA. The word VIVA has been taken from the Latin word “Viva Voice “meaning “Live voice”. Only once the panel is satisfied with the work and the defence given by the candidate do they finally allow to award the degree and the person may get the word Doctor Prefixed to his name.

At the end, it isn’t the end. In fact a PhD is a beginning of one’s professional journey that will require you to use not just the academic skills you have mastered through the course but also the patience, determination, tolerance and capacity to hard work to move along to lead you to your path to success.

Rapid Technical Review

It is seen that most scientific journals refuse to take four out of every five manuscripts came to them. For that reason, service related to rapid technical review is necessary. Now, what is rapid technical review service? Coming through this service, you can get the expert panelists, these panelists will publish peer-reviewed papers, and they evaluate your paper giving meaningful comments, so that you can progress upon your manuscript before submitting it to the journal of your choice.

We at, involved in giving service for rapid technical review which has been designed closely to resemble the peer review process undertaken at major high impact journals. Our services will make most excellent use of your chances of receiving constructive comments from the journal editorial team.

What does our Rapid Technical Review service will offer you?

Our experienced reviewer panel will understand and help you to get rid of most major reasons for manuscript rejection. They will print and peer-reviewed papers in major journals. The editor specialist will give you pervasive comments within a rapid turnaround time; they will allow you to improve your manuscript while meeting aggressive publication deadlines. As a result, you need not have to wait to hear from a journal after submission.

Benefits of our rapid technical review services’ includes:

1. Widespread and objective evaluation.

2. Our review report contains a complete set of questions and answers by the experts, evaluating all characteristic of your manuscript.

3. Specific technical input

4. Whether it is study design, literature review, methods reporting, or data analysis, our report will contains definite trigger questions compelling reviewers to look at every angle of your research.

5. Our scholars will give you actionable recommendations for the improvement of your manuscript.

6. Our professionals will recommend curative action, for every problem identified.

7. Our professionals will list their suggested revisions in order of significance allowing you to focus on the main critical issues.

Steps for Preparing Empirical Evaluation for Dissertations

One of the things that students will have to do when they are preparing their dissertation is write the empirical evaluation. So, what are the steps that they should take for completing this task?

1. The first thing they should do is to state their hypothesis. This should be done clearly and cogently.

2. The second step to take is to explain and justify the statistical processes and research methods that are employed for the project.

3. The third thing to do is to present the results in an attractive and interesting manner.

4. Tables can be used. But they should be used judiciously. They should not be used where they are not needed. Too many tables and graphs can ruin the project.

5. The tables that are being used should be relevant to the theory and the hypothesis that is being tested. If they are not relevant then do not use them.

6. If the results have been replicated with some other data or technique then that method should be mentioned in the footnote.

7. The researcher should tell the readers very clearly how his hypothesis fared. Was it successful or was it not successful. Was he right or was he wrong. No information should be held back from the reader.

8. There will be literature references in most chapters. They should be either parenthetical or they should only be limited to technical matters.

9. Many students would be doing some kind of qualitative research. This could be in the form of case studies as well. In this case also the results should be presented in the same manner as it is presented for other kinds of studies.

10. Finally the writing should be clear and cogent, which at the same time uses the jargon that has been prescribed for that particular discipline.

The importance of following a process for data cleaning

When students are working on a project that involves a lot of numbers they often have to work with huge volumes of data and produce statistical analysis that consists of charts, diagrams, and tables. When the students conduct their surveys in the field they often have to collect plenty of data, not all of which will be valuable, and they will often find that it is a waste of time analysing material that is not important. In fact some of the analysis might produce incorrect statistics that will throw the students off the focus of their project. It therefore becomes essential to perform a task that is known as data cleaning. So what are the steps to be followed in this process?

  • Use set formulas that can be applied to determine which set of records are unimportant and which ones are important. This makes the task of separating them a lot easier.
  • It is best if they were to follow a well documented procedure when they are working on data cleaning. If they did not then afterwards when they look back at what they were doing there is no way of keeping track if the records they eliminated were essential or not. 
  • The university review board will also ask researchers about the methods they followed for data cleaning and how they eliminated all the incorrect records. The students will have to justify their answers making the procedure and documentation all the more important. 
  • If Excel is being used to work on the data then use the sort function to eliminate duplicate records and records that vary too much from the average. 
  • Conduct trial runs of the data cleaning process before work on the main data is started so that all snags can be eliminated before the main process.

Evaluate your report constantly to make it perfect

One important thing or advice which no gives for a student preparing for PhD is to constantly monitor the thesis report. Although a PhD is done over a period of three to five years, often students neglect the final thesis report and do not lay much importance on it. One must constantly monitor the progress of the report which will surely help in submitting the thesis well before the dead line. But most of the students start preparing the report just a few weeks or few months before making the task more complicated. This leaves them with tight schedules making them with less concentration on quality and more tensed on meeting the deadlines. By putting down a hard and perfect schedule and following and sticking to the plan will help students accomplish the task of thesis writing more easy and finally save a lot of time and money and reduces the burden also.

Scheduling helps not only in finishing the report week before the deadline but also leaves plenty of time for corrections and additions. Sticking yourself to the schedule is really difficult but once you keep doing it. you would be finally relieved of tensions and targets. Even if you have outsourced your thesis to some professional, make sure you keep in touch with the writer and get weekly updates or daily updates if possible. If you just get a monthly update and finally if you find that the deadlines are approaching you would be really tensed. So keep yourself sticking to the deadlines. Also keep posting the report to your supervisor constantly. This will helps you in getting the perfect feedback at the right time so that you can rework on it immediately without any delay. This also leaves a good impression on the supervisor. With so many advantages, it’s better to lay out a plan, stick to the deadline and constantly monitor the progress of the thesis to gain good grades.

Role of Supervisors

Conducting a research work is a critical task that each and every researcher across the world has to undertake and most of them complete the work successfully. In this journey, there are many predicaments, which a researcher has to encounter, and in most of the cases, the researcher does not have any clue to overcome those predicaments. The predicaments can be in terms of review of literature, collection of data, rectifying the errors present in data, choice of proper research methodology, interpretation of complex results, etc. Therefore, in the course of this journey, every researcher requires a proper guidance, and this role is being played by the supervisor of the research work.

In order to carry out a research work in the smoothest way, a researcher has to communicate with the research supervisor on a regular basis, as that person is already having ample amount of experience regarding research in that field, which can assist the researcher in the due course of the journey. First, a research supervisor knows the existing body of knowledge on the broad area of that particular topic. Therefore, he / she can suggest the suitable literature for the specific research area. Second, due to the experience of the supervisor in the field of academics, the network of the supervisor with other academicians and researchers across the world is supposed to be strong. Any researcher, working under the supervision of that faculty, can exploit those networks for the betterment of the study, for finding out best conferences in that domain across the world, for funding opportunities, and for finding out possible publication opportunities. In a nutshell, a supervisor is not the one, who will only review the work, but a person, who will facilitate the study in all possible ways. For more information about importance supervisors in academics, kindly browse through the pages of